Integral Turbulent Length and Time Scales in Hydraulic Jumps: an Experimental Investigation at Large Reynolds Numbers

Hubert Chanson, Hang Wang

Tuesday 30 june 2015

11:00 - 11:15h at Africa (level 0)

Themes: (T) Water engineering, (ST) Experimental facilities and instrumentation

Parallel session: 5F. Engineering - Instrumentation

A hydraulic jump is a rapidly-varied open channel flow characterised by the sudden transition from a supercritical flow motion to a subcritical regime. The transition is associated with a rapid increase of water depth, a highly turbulent flow with macro-scale vortices, significant kinetic energy dissipation, a two-phase flow region and some strong turbulence interactions with the free surface leading to splashes and droplet formation. The phenomenon is not a truly random process because of the existence of low-frequency, pseudo-periodic fluctuating motion in the jump roller. This study presents new measurements of turbulent air-water flow properties in hydraulic jumps, including turbulence intensity, longitudinal and transverse integral length and time scales, for a range of Froude number (3.8 < Fr1 < 8.5) at large Reynolds numbers (3×104 < Re < 2 ×105). The results showed a combination of both fast and slow turbulent components. The respective contributions of the fast and slow motions were quantified using a triple decomposition technique. The results highlighted 'true' turbulent characteristics linked with the fast, microscopic velocity turbulence of hydraulic jumps. The high-frequency advection length scale and integral turbulent length scale exhibited some maxima in the lower shear flow next to the invert. The turbulent length scales decreased along the roller as the fast turbulence was dissipated. Comparison between the longitudinal advection and integral length scales indicated that the advection and diffusion were not independent processes in the flow region immediately downstream of the jump toe. The impact of slow fluctuations was large in the free-surface region and relatively smaller in the lower shear flow.